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How To Make Hay For Horses?
How do farmers make hay? Hay is a grass that has been cut, dried, and stored for animal feed. Hay is made from the stems, leaves, and seed heads of plants that are fresh. It is cut and baled when it has the most nutritional value, and is fed to livestock.
What is a good horse hay mixture? Alfalfa, white clover, red clover and birdsfoot trefoil are common types of legumes, with alfalfa being the most popular choice. Benefits: Legumes are higher in protein and calcium than grass hay, and may also provide more energy and a higher level of total digestible nutrients, such as vitamin A.
What kind of hay is best for horses? Alfalfa hay, sometimes called lucerne hay, is the most popular legume hay fed to horses in the U.S., while timothy and orchard are popular grass hay choices.
How To Make Hay For Horses – Related Questions
Can you make hay by hand?
The proper method cutting hay by hand: stand with your legs apart and knees slightly bent. Three ropes tied around the width and a fourth wrapped lengthwise hold together each 70- to 90-pound bate of sun-dried hay. Swing your scythe and torso from right to left, concentrating on a smooth, whole-body pivot.
Is it cheaper to buy hay or make it?
In most environments where forage production is based on natural rainfall, you can almost always buy hay cheaper than you can produce it. Most farmers and ranchers initially don’t believe this. When full cost of production is accounted for, hay generally costs between $70 and $140/ton to produce.
Why do farmers put hay bales in fields?
These rolls of hay, compiled of grass, legumes, and other plants, are cut, dried, and rolled to store on the land for the animals to graze on. They are imperative for grazing animals when the pasture doesn’t provide the correct nutrients or if the weather doesn’t permit grazing access.
What equipment do you need to make hay?
Unless you put up your own hay strictly by hand, you’ll need a fairly hefty tractor, a mower, rake and baler. In some parts of the country, folks using old-style mowers add a tedder or crimper to the mix.
What hay is bad for horses?
Horses often refuse to eat poor quality hay, and even if they do eat it, there is very little nutritional value in it. Moldy or dusty hay can even harm a horse, in some cases causing hay-induced colic. Unlike cattle, horses are less able to digest stalky grass, so leafy hay is always best.
Can you give a horse too much hay?
Horses should have access to good quality hay at all times, but it is possible for a horse to eat too much hay. If your horse, donkey or mule is bored or greedy he may eat whatever is available until it is gone. Equines can founder on too much grass or hay.
Why is alfalfa bad for horses?
Excess protein, like excess energy has been implicated as a cause of developmental orthopedic disease in growing horses. 3. Alfalfa hay contains too much calcium and/or magnesium a. The high calcium level causes a high calcium:phosphorus ratio which may contribute to developmental orthopedic disease b.
What is the best hay for older horses?
Alfalfa hay and good quality grass hays are preferable to stemmy and mature hays that have tougher fiber to ferment. The small intestine loses some function – Older horses find it harder to digest protein in the small intestine.
What type of hay is best for miniature horses?
Alfalfa hay is too energy-dense for most Miniature Horses; grass hay is a better choice, fed at the rate of about 1.5% of their body weight in hay daily.
What is the smallest hay baler?
The smallest of the three, the Mini/S, has a total width of only 59 inches, making it the narrowest baler in the compact square baler class.
What does bailing hay mean?
Here are the most common uses of the words: Bale is a large bound stack of material, such as hay or leather; Bail is the security deposit that’s paid if someone who’s been temporarily released from jail pending a trial doesn’t appear in court.
How many bales do you get per acre?
With an average bale weight of around 40 pounds (with our Abbriata small square baler or any of our mini round balers), that’s 100 bales to the acre for a first cutting. Our farm aside, we can offer some guidelines to consider when trying to predict the productivity of your hay fields.
Is hay worth making?
Definitely worth it as long as you are confident you know what your doing. Making bad hay is much easier than making good hay! The weather the last two years has been very challenging on the hay making front.
How much money can you make off an acre of hay?
Additionally, is growing hay profitable? “You are going to get more than three years out of that, but if we use three years, that’s about $100 per acre per year,” Brown says. “If you are getting $125 per ton for quality hay, you are going to see a profit of $51 per ton, or $204 per acre.
What happens if you don’t cut a hay field?
This tends to lead to overgrazing of the tender best grasses so they die out. And they don’t graze the courser grasses so they go to seed, along with weeds, and your pasture slowly turns to worse, courser, poorer grasses. Now, what to do any one year depends on water, temps, amount of grazing, etc.
Is it worth wrapping dry hay?
Wrapping dry hay allows farmers to protect feed from the weather without building more structures. Some farmers believe that more layers, up to six, are well worth the extra cost. A thicker barrier is more dependable than a thin one, but more costly.
How do hay bales stay together?
Farmers have three choices of materials to wrap bales – twine, net wrap, or plastic wrap. Unlike gift wrap, the choice isn’t just about presentation. It’s about baling efficiency and storage. If properly baled and stored, hay can last a long time without degrading in quality.
Why are there hay bales in ditches?
Lesser highways & roads us farmers often make the hay for cattle or horses along the road ditches. In my region the roads were generally a right of way or easement taken from the farmer, and the farmer ‘controls’ the grass running along his property – he can bale it or allow someone else to bale it.
How long is hay good for?
You can store hay indefinitely if the stack is managed correctly; although, in humid climates, using hay within three years of harvest is ideal. Hay growers need to bale it at correct moisture levels because if it’s baled too damp the hay will generate heat, which leads to molding.
What is the best grass hay to feed horses?
Timothy hay is one of the most popular hays fed to horses. It can be quite expensive, depending on whether it has to be shipped long distances. Timothy must be harvested in the pre- or early-bloom stage to ensure a high nutrient content.
Should horses have access to hay all day?
Some say horses should have access to hay all day, every day to keep their digestive tract working consistently and properly. When horses are left without access to forage for portions of they day, the gastrointestinal tract can become disrupted and can open the door for equine gastric ulcer syndrome.