Table of Contents
Guide to Fishes
Fishes are the nation’s top collection of saltwater, freshwater, and deep-sea fish. Over two hundred species are represented by line drawings and many photographs. There are also sections on the nature of fish, characteristic types of environments and behaviors, conservation and preservation techniques plus a handy set of common and scientific names for each species.
Types of fish
- Sharks, skates, and rays
- Bony fish (tuna, mackerel, salmon)
- Marine catfish (ocean perch, white croaker)
- Mud minnows (freshwater family)
- Sturgeons (large sea-going bottom feeders with primitive jaws. Extinct in the U.S.)
- Flatfish (halibut, flounder)
- Lungfish (freshwater fish that breathe air)
- Armored catfish (distinctly round and plated)
- Tropical cichlids
Ecology and Behavior
Sharks skates and rays – To maintain balance, the shark’s body is heavier on one end than the other. They use their fins as a stabilizer to stay upright in the water or change direction quickly. Sharks also have two salt-secreting glands behind each eye which helps them fight disease and regulate osmosis. Bony fish – The tuna family of bony fish is “picky eaters” who only feed on planktonic organisms such as crustaceans, snails, small mollusks, and small fish. Fish – A group of several distinct species that have evolved from a common ancestor. Marine Catfish – Ocean perch spend most of their time on the bottom of the ocean, where they eat crustaceans and other invertebrates. Mud Minnows – There are four kinds of mud minnows: creek chubs, hornyhead chubs, redhorses, and yellowfin shiners. Sturgeons – The eastern sturgeon can grow to be about 10 feet long and weigh more than 800 pounds. They swim slowly along the bottom looking for food such as mussels, clams, crabs, and crayfish. They get large by eating rather than by growing fast like many creatures. Flatfish – Flatfish swim near the bottom in shallow inshore waters, reaching depths of 660 feet. They swim on one side with both eyes on top and eat planktonic organisms like krill and small fish. Lungfish – There are six species of lungfishes found in Africa (Nile, Transvaal), South America (Bolivia), and Australia (Callendar River). Armored catfish – The roundness provides protection from predators because their bodies cannot be easily compressed like most other fishes. Tropical Cichlids – Cichlids are particularly interesting because they possess physical features that make them adaptable to many different habitats.
Best Fishes – FAQ
Is it correct to say fishes?
Scientists use “fishes” to describe different species of fish in a group or in a location, and “fishes” show up in some common sayings listed below. The noun “fish” has two different, completely acceptable plurals—”fish” and “fish”—but “fish” is by far the most common plural.6 days ago
Why is the plural of fish, not fishes?
The most common plural form of fish is indeed fish. Fish can refer to multiple fish, especially when they are all the same species of fish. Fishes, however, usually refer to multiple species of fish, especially in scientific contexts.
What are fishies?
1. Resembling or suggestive of fish, as in taste or odor.
2. Cold or expressionless: a fishy stare.
What is fish in biology?
Fish are aquatic vertebrate animals that have gills but lack limbs with digits, like fingers or toes. Recall that vertebrates are animals with internal backbones. Most fish are streamlined in their general body form. The word fish is used to refer to an individual fish or to a group of fish of the same species.
Can you say sheep?
No, “sheeps” is not a grammatical English word. The plural of sheep is also sheep. English has a number of nouns whose plural is the same as the singular.
Do fish sleep?
While fish do not sleep in the same way that land mammals sleep, most fish do rest. Research shows that fish may reduce their activity and metabolism while remaining alert to danger. Some fish float in place, some wedge themselves into a secure spot in the mud or coral, and some even locate a suitable nest.
What is a group of fish called?
The most common collective nouns for a group of fish, in general, are school and shoal. Both the words have evolved from the same common Dutch root ‘school meaning a troop or crowd.
Can you say deers?
Deers is an accepted plural, but it is rarely used.
The word deer comes from the Old English word, decore, which means a four-legged animal, beast.
Also the Dutch word, dier, and the German word, tier.
Deer is one of a set of words with irregular plural forms, such as sheep and fish.
What is a pretty fish?
Emperor Angelfish are some of the most beautiful fish in the world. As a juvenile, it looks very different to the appearance they will have as an adult. With a black body and light blue/white vertical lines on their face, they have three white curved bands on their body, with thinner light blue curves in between.
Is Fishies a real word?
Plural form of fishy. Plural form of fishie.
Is Goldfish a cracker?
Goldfish are fish-shaped crackers manufactured by Pepperidge Farm, which is a division of the Campbell Soup Company.
The product is marketed as a “baked snack cracker” on the label with various flavors and varieties.
Is a fish a fish?
A fish is any of a large group of cold-blooded, finned, aquatic vertebrates that respire by passing oxygenated water over gills.
And from this definition, it is easy to see why so many animals are called fishes.
What are the 5 classes of fish?
Classification of Fish:
- Agnatha – jawless fish.
- Chondrichthyes – cartilaginous fish.
- Osteichthyes – bony fish.
- Ray-finned group.
- Lobe finned group.
What are 3 types of fish?
Fishes are typically divided into three groups: superclass Agnatha (jawless fishes), class Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fishes), and superclass Osteichthyes (bony fishes). The latter two groups are included within the infraphylum Gnathostomata, a category containing all jawed vertebrates.
Why do you not say sheep?
In Middle English, the suffix -s was appended to nearly all nouns to form plurals.
This phenomenon replaced the plural forms of Old English—e.g, Old English handa became hands in Middle English.
But unlike “fish,” the words “sheep,” “deer,” and “swine” simply had no plural forms to pass on to Modern English at all.
What is 1 sheep called?
The singular of sheep is “sheep”. You could also call one female sheep a “ewe”, one intact male sheep a “ram”, and one castrated male sheep a “whether”. A group of sheep is considered a flock, herd, Mob.
Can I say two fish?
Similarly, the Merriam-Webster dictionary lists both deers and pikes as acceptable plural forms.
Both the Oxford and the Merriam-Webster dictionaries say that the plural of fish can be either fish or fishes.
In fact, the two plural words are often used to refer to different things.
Can fishes fart?
Most fish do use air to inflate and deflate their bladder to maintain buoyancy which is expelled either through their mouth or gills which can be mistaken for a fart. Point being – No farts.
Do fish get thirsty?
They don’t ever get thirsty. Marine fish are what’s called hypertonic to seawater. So essentially, they lose water through their gills to the seawater. in order to replenish that water, they have to drink seawater and process the salt out.
How do I know if my fish are happy?
Your fish are happy and healthy when they:
Swim actively throughout the entire tank, not just hanging out or laying at the bottom, floating near the top or hiding behind plants and ornaments.
Eat regularly and swim to the surface quickly at feeding time.